Specific Challenge:

Algorithms, software and hardware systems must be designed having security, privacy, data protection, fault tolerance and accountability[1] in mind from their design phase in a measurable manner, taking into account future-proof, advanced cryptographic means. Relevant challenges include: (a) to develop mechanisms that measure the performance of ICT systems with regards to cybersecurity and privacy and (b) to enhance control and trust of the consumer of digital products and services with innovative tools aiming to ensure the accountability of the security and privacy levels in the algorithms, in the software, and ultimately in the ICT systems, products and services across the supply chain.