The research and innovation activities should provide innovative solutions for allowing the authorities to access directly and in real time all relevant information required under the different pieces of legislation in “one click”. In particular, that should include social rules (such as Regulation No 561/2006 on Driving times and resting periods, Regulation (EU) 165/2014 on the Tachograph and Directive 2006/22/EC as regards enforcement requirements for posting drivers in the road transport sector), market rules (such as Regulation 1071/2009 on access to the occupation of road transport operator, Regulations 1072/2009 and 1073/2009 on access to the market for freight and passenger road transport, Directive 96/53/EC on weights and dimensions of certain road vehicles, Directive (EU) 2016/797 on the interoperability of the rail system, Directive (EU) 2016/1629 on technical requirements for inland waterway vessels, and Directive 2005/44/EC on harmonised river information services (RIS) on inland waterways in the Community), as well as safety legislation (such as Directive 2006/126/EC on driving licences, Directive 2003/59/EC on the certificate of professional competence of drivers, Directive 2007/59/EC on the certification of train drivers and Directive (EU) 2017/2397 on the recognition of professional qualifications in inland navigation).

Research and innovation actions are expected to bring together stakeholders at various level, from supply chain (e.g. manufacturers, retailers, freight forwarders and logistics service providers), transport services (e.g. transport operators, enforcing authorities) and infrastructure networks (e.g. road / rail / inland waterways operators and transport node public authorities) to ensure a truly integrated approach.

The technical solutions should take into account the work done in the Digital Transport and Logistics Forum186 and in its subgroup on electronic documents in particular, and build on the existing electronic databases and exchange of information platforms (RESPER, ERRU, TACHONET, RIS, IMI, eFTI, etc.), as well as privately developed tools already in place, allowing for their interconnection or integration in order to provide seamless access and exchange of information under the “only once principle”. They should also develop existing and/or new concepts and systems to incorporate the areas that are not yet covered by such electronic databases and platforms. The aim is to achieve a comprehensive ecosystem for smart transport enforcement that is tested and proved to be viable, economically and technically, and allows for future integration with relevant information exchange systems in use or considered for deployment in all modes of transport, as part of a wider multimodal transport information exchange environment.

The research should also provide assessment and recommendations on ensuring that there is a business case for the operators to make the information available electronically to the authorities, and for the authorities to accept it and implement the means to use this information in line with the “once only principle”. Recommendations could eventually include the need for legislative measures to support the uptake of the digital and communication technologies for smart enforcement.

Furthermore, the research should consider the business case and conditions for reusing administrative information, where relevant, for the purposes beyond proving legal compliance. This includes, for instance, for compiling statistics, informing research, assessing the use of infrastructure, optimising logistics operations and maximising utilisation of assets.

Social innovation is recommended when the solution is at the socio-technical interface and requires social change, new social practices, social ownership or market uptake.